Children and young people with cognition and learning difficulties have poor working memory and auditory memory skills. Therefore repeat, revisit and recap tasks on a regular basis. Rate of learning and the consolidation of basic concepts will be slow. Use multi- sensory approaches to teaching and learning with an emphasis on visual and 'hands on' learning. All work should be differentiated at an appropriate level and delivered at a suitable pace. Positively reinforce the child or young person's efforts in learning tasks and activities. Remember to give as much attention to effort as to achievement.