Consideration must be given to the classroom layout and equipment to enable the child or young person to maximise their independence and learning. When planning for this, use the child or young person's abilities rather than their disability as the starting point. Staff will need to gain an understanding of any additional learning difficulties that may be associated with specific disabilities and adopt appropriate strategies to support the child or young person's access to the learning opportunities on offer.
Remember that many children and young people with additional needs have poor auditory memory skills. Therefore, repeat instructions and recap tasks when necessary, to ensure the child or young person remembers and understands what is being expected of them. Use multi- sensory approaches to teaching and learning with an emphasis on visual and 'hands on' learning. Reduce writing demands through the provision of prepared worksheets, cloze procedure tasks, diagrams ready to label etc. Positively reinforce the child or young person's efforts in learning tasks and activities. Remember to give as much attention to effort as to achievement.